Russia is a unique country of diversity that can offer a wide range of tourist opportunities to foreign visitors. Russia is a transcontinental country, extending halfway around the northern hemisphere and covering much of eastern and northeastern Europe and the whole of northern Asia. Russia covers 1/7th of the total land of our planet, has 12 seas in its territory and neighbors more countries than any other country on earth. Its territory stretches from northern latitudes to subtropical areas in the south and is full of natural landmarks.
The Urals are the oldest mountains in the world with more than 200 minerals and precious stones found in depths of these mountains.
Lake Baikal is the world's deepest lake and the largest reservoir of fresh water on earth.
Ladoga Lake (near St. Petersburg) is the largest one in Europe.
Russia is also home to the world’s largest active volcano Klyuchevskaya Sopka, which has a height of 4,750 m.
Russia is known as the «lungs of Europe» since it has the largest forest reserves in the world, and the amount of carbon dioxide absorbed by it is second only to the rainforests in the Amazon.
Russian Volga - the longest river of Europe – rises northwest of Moscow and extends southward some 3700 km through the whole central part of the country. Volga cruise travel is very popular with Russian and foreign tourists, allowing them to visit several old Russian cities along the banks of the river.
If you prefer traveling by train, then the Trans Siberian railroad, the longest one in the world, may take you from Vladivostok to Moscow in just 152 hours and 27 minutes if you do it non-stop.
Russian city Oimyakon is considered to be the cold pole of the world, with the lowest temperature registered in year 1933 being -67.7 °C.
In June, a phenomenon known as the «White Nights» can be seen in some northern parts of Russia. It is a time when night remains bright, as the sun does not sink below the horizon.
Russia puts a premium on preserving and promoting its culture and history, which bear the traces of Vikings, ancient Slavs, Mongols, Tatars, Scythians, Swedes, Greeks, Genoese and other peoples. Their heritage can be found in various languages used by peoples of Russia, in various faiths, local cultures and traditions and the fact that right now there are more than 100 nationalities living in Russia. Almost every town and city in Russia has its own history museum where visitors can learn about local history and culture.
Moscow and St. Petersburg are the most visited cities in Russia and not without a reason. For example, Moscow Kremlin is the world biggest medieval fortress built in 14-15th centuries. The Metro of Moscow is one of the largest in the world with 188 stations, carrying around 9 million passengers per day. Many metro stations are considered architecture masterpieces. One of the biggest McDonalds restaurants (700 seats) is also in Moscow. St. Petersburg is the most northern city with population more than 1 million people in the world, with more than 200 museums, 80 theaters and 176 fountains, while its metro being the world’s deepest (about 100 m deep).
Yet there some other wonderful places to visit around Russia. Novosibirsk is the third most populous city in Russia and the biggest one in the Asian part. The city is considered the center of Siberia. Novosibirsk is famous for its Akademgorodok - the educational and scientific centre of Siberia, sometimes called as “the Silicon Forest”.
Yekaterinburg is the fourth largest Russian city, an important political, economic and cultural center, also called as “the Capital of the Ural region”. Yekaterinburg was the venue for the first BRIC summit in 2009. The city is very close to the borderline between Europe and Asia. It is also the place, where the family of the last Russian emperor Nicholas the Second was murdered in 1917. There is a Church on Blood to commemorate the Romanov family sainthood.
Kazan is the eighth largest city in Russia, founded more than a 1000 years ago, and often referred to as “the Third Capital of Russia” (with the first two being Moscow and St. Petersburg). Kazan is one of the Muslim centers of Russia. Its Kremlin is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. In 2013, the city of Kazan hosted the Summer Universiade.
Travelling around Russian towns can be as fun as popular foreign destination and tourist attractions abroad. You can start discovering the national patrimony of Russia anywhere. Your starting point can be both world famous tourism pearls such as royal Saint Petersburg or the enigmatic snow-covered Altai Mountains and modest but equally interesting sites that preserved their uniquity up to day.
When Russia is referred to as a country of contrasts, its rich variety is meant. You can apply it to tourism within the country. In Russia, you can choose a vacation for any taste however peculiar it is, ranging from the hot Black Sea coast with golden sand beaches and comfortable hotels to extreme safaris in the roads of winter Karelia.
There are many directions in Russian tourism and this is crucial for choosing a destination by Russians, and lately — foreigners. Anyone can find something that would please him or her. For instance, outdoor activities in Russia are not inferior to foreign offers, and sometimes even superior. Rafting, snowmobile & ATV safaris, jeep tours, kayaking, skiing resorts, fishing on picturesque lakes — extreme fans will enjoy these and other activities.
As for the culture, the range is widest in Russia also. Many objects of interest such as architectural complexes, museums, palaces, memorial complexes will allow anybody to feel the glamour and beauty, unveil the past and touch the present, dip into the Russian culture atmosphere. Each Russian town keeps a page of our rich history, and therefore any smallest town in Russia is invaluable.
Another advantage of vacationing in Russia is the vast variety and magnificence of the Russian nature. Praised by great Russian poets, the Russian nature strikes with its wildness and picturesqueness. Sultry Caspian semi-deserts contrast with vast steppes and lush water meadows; magnificent mountains crowned with snow rise from the plains, and slow streams turn into wild mountain rivers. Enigmatic taiga opens up behind woodland with dotted with sky-blue lakes.
Russia is a huge country with a big tourist potential which is opening up now in its entire variety. Russia is lavish and hospitable, original and modern at that, magnificent and refined yet simple and enigmatic but the enigma can be solved by anybody who makes the first step forward!
The world’s largest country, the vast land of Russia stretches from the western shores of Europe to the far east Asia coastline. Inextricably interwoven with world history, Russia was a tribal melting pot of Tartars, Huns, Finns, Vikings, Turks, and Mongols, all of whom have left their mark on today’s culture and civilization...